The Sustainable Development Goals were developed by the United Nations in 2015 to promote global sustainable development. These goals are a follow-up to the Millennium Development Goals formulated in 2000 to make the world a better, fairer and healthier place. These goals, intended to be (mostly) achieved in 2015, have largely been realised. Poverty has strongly declined; more children go to primary school, and the death rate among children has been reduced considerably. Significant progress has been made in improving access to clean water, and efforts in reducing diseases such as HIV / AIDS, and tuberculosis has saved millions of lives.
There is still a long way to go as the earth’s natural resilience is still being affected too much every day. The impact of human action is disproportionate to the natural boundaries of the earth’s ecosystem. New threads such as armed conflicts and radicalisation have emerged, there is an increase in natural disasters and urbanisation leads to more and more slums. The “Road to 2030” provides clear direction for the 15 years to 2030 using the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and their underlying 169 sub-goals. The UN Member States must themselves ensure translation of these goals into national policy.
The 17 United Nations Global Goals are aimed at:
- Ending extreme poverty
- Fighting inequality and injustice
- Tackling climate change